- Key Indicators
The Egyptian energy sector is in a good shape, having achieved near-universal access. Though in a good shape, the country moved from a situation of power deficit to power surplus within a period of three years. The country would therefore require large investments to expand transmission and distribution grids to absorb new generation capacity and sustain reliability and quality of service to consumers. Fortunately, the government put in place new electricity and gas laws in 2015 and 2017 respectively to create enabling environment for private investment. The situation also presents an opportunity for investment in interconnectors which would boost Egypt’s cross-border electricity trading capacity.
As of 2021 Egypt has 9 electricity production companies. 8 of them (Cairo, East Delta, West Delta, Middle Delta, Upper Egypt, EEHC Plants, New & Renewable Energy) are government owned, whereas the 9th company China General Nuclear Power Corporation (CGN) controls the three IPPs operating in the company (Sidi Krir, Port Said, Suez Gulf).
- Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MERE) (Click here for more)
- Electricity Utility and Consumer Protection Regulatory Agency (Egypt ERA) (Click here for more)
- Hydropower Projects Executive Authority (HPPEA)(Click here for more information)
- Nuclear Power Plants Authority (NPPA) (Click here for more)
- New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) (Click here for more)
- Egyptian Electricity Holding Company (EEHC) (Click here for more) Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC)(Click here for more
IPPs operating in Egypt (On-grid)
- The laws governing the electricity sector in Egypt are the:
- Electricity Law No. 87 of 2015 and its ER. These provide for the legal framework governing the electricity sector in general.
- Renewable Energy Law No. 203 of 2014 (Renewable Energy Law). This creates Egypt's first feed-in tariff (FiT) scheme to promote the production of electricity from renewable energy sources.
- Law No. 12 of 1976. This established the Electricity Authority of Egypt, which was converted into the EEHC by Law No. 164 of 2000. The EEHC is a company that owns the EETC and various electricity production and distribution companies.
- Law No. 13 of 1976. This established the Nuclear Power Plants Authority (NPPA).
- Law No. 102 of 1986. This established the NREA.
- Law No. 18 of 1998. This regulates electricity distribution companies, power plants and transmission grids.
- Law No. 7 of 2010 and its executive regulations (Nuclear Activities Law). These govern nuclear and radiation-related activities in Egypt.
Pipeline of Planned On-grid Projects
|Acwa Power Kom Ombo Solar PV||200|
|AMEA Power Kom Ombo Solar PV||500|
|Amunet Ras Ghareb Wind||500|
|BPI Motobas Gas LFO II||1100|
|BPI Motobas Qena Gas LFO||1200|
|Coca-Cola Alexandria Solar PV||1.5|
|Dabaa Solar PV||3|
|Enara Capital Solar PV||130|
|Fas Energy Waste-to-Power||100|
|Gebel el Zeit Wind Phase II||500|
|Gulf of Suez Wind IV||500|
|NREA/Masdar Gulf of Suez Wind II||250|
|Revolta Solar PV||5|