Report: Master Plan Study on National Power System Development in the Federal Republic of Nigeria
Nigeria, having the largest population in Africa of 191 million, is a country rich in natural resources and its crude oil and natural gas reserves are one of the world's most abundant. However, for various reasons, such as the power transmission capacity being restricted to only about 5,300MW (as of December, 2015) compared to a potential electrical demand estimated to be around 12,800MW and the shortage of gas supply, which is the principal fuel used in power generation, the capacity of available power generation is limited to about 6,600MW (as of December, 2015). Consequently, planned outages are frequent not only in local areas but also in urban areas. This leads to the general view that the economic growth of Nigeria is hindered by the power sector.
The Nigerian government, by utilizing the excess crude account, has implemented the NIPP (National Integrated Power Project) which allows for the building of thermal power plants and transmission lines; furthermore, it is promoting the privatization of the power sector with an aim to improve efficiency in this sector and to reduce investment charges to the government.
For the purpose of improving the above situation, FMPWH (Federal Ministry of Power, Works and Housing) of Nigeria, the organization responsible for global development in the power sector, has formed a long-term electric power development plan and grid extension plan on the basis of a future electrical load demand forecast. In addition, they asked the Japanese side to develop a power master plan which makes it possible to advance development in the power sector in a strategic and efficient way, and also requested a technology transfer which would be necessary in the course of development and renewal of such a plan. In response to this, JICA has conducted a survey for the preparation of a detailed plan for the master plan study in July 2014 and signed R/D (Record of Discussions) with the Nigerian side in October 2014, which made the project ready for implementation.
Objectives of the study
The purpose of the study is to develop a 25 year power development master plan which shall include a power demand forecast, developing a plan with the lowest possible cost and an optimal power generation master plan which takes into account constraints on primary energy supply and the best energy mix, and also to develop a power transmission development plan based on the above mentioned power generation development plan. Improvement of performance of the personnel of FMPWH, TCN (Transmission Company of Nigeria), and TWG (Technical Working Group), which are the relevant organizations in the power sector, on the development and renewal of master plan preparations through development of this master plan shall also be included in the purpose of the study.
Download the report below.