Ethiopia’s plans for solar mini grids move forward
The Ethiopian Electric Utility is seeking proposals for 25 mini grid projects which are being backed by the African Development Bank.
Ethiopia’s state-owned utility the Ethiopian Electric Utility (EEU) has issued an invitation for bids to seek developers to deploy solar mini-grids in 25 villages, with the projects financed by the African Development Bank.
Each village will receive a solar plant, back-up diesel generator and battery storage as well as operation and maintenance services for the first three months.
Bids must be submitted by November 11.
Tariffs for mini-grids
The tender will test efforts by the Ethiopian government to spur the development of mini-grids and access to electricity in rural communities. The authorities have been working since the summer on a methodology to calculate mini grid electricity tariffs.
Hizkyas Dufera, senior adviser to Ethiopia’s Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy has said private investors could apply any government-produced tariff methodology to their own projects.
The village projects will be developed under the Ethiopia Electrification Program, launched in March 2018 and backed by a $375 million World Bank loan. “The country still has the second largest energy access deficit in sub-Saharan Africa, after Nigeria, and the third in the world,” the bank said at the time. “Seventy per cent of the population still lives in the dark and only 24% of primary schools and 30% of health centers have access to electricity services.”
Increasing access to electricity
The electrification program will require an estimated $1.5 billion over its first five years. Through the program, implemented by the energy ministry and the EEU, the World Bank hopes to provide electricity to all Ethiopians by 2025.
With energy demand expected to grow by around 10% annually and an estimated population of around 110 million, landlocked Ethiopia has power generation capacity of around 4.5 GW at present, most of it hydropower. The government intends to install more large hydro as well as renewables as it chases the unlikely target of hitting 17.3 GW of capacity by next year.
Ethiopia is supporting large scale solar by holding two rounds of the World Bank’s Scaling Solar program to procure 750 MW of PV generation capacity.